How to Choose a College Major

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Your college major is just one part of your college education.

Youll probably devote only a third of your total course work on your major. And most of your time will be spent on general requirement courses and electives.

That said – your college major is important if youre choosing a particular career field. And its also important if you want to get into a particular grad school program.

So here are some tips on what you should consider before choosing a college major:

Dont choose a major until youre absolutely sure.

The worst move is to choose a major without seriously thinking about it. Its best to be undecided until you know for sure what major is for you. Sure, the academic bureaucrats want you to choose a major quickly, but dont let them stress you out. Choose your major when youre ready.

Talk with academic counselors.

If you know that you want to work in a particular career field like law, health care, or journalism take the time to visit with an academic counselor at your college. They are there to help you decide on classes and majors that will fit with your career interests.

Take a personality/career test.

Many career centers offer free testing to students who are trying to figure out a career field. Take these tests as soon as you can. Youd be surprised how revealing these tests are about what types of careers you should consider. Your unique personality type will work well within certain career fields, and these tests will highlight those careers for you.

Think of the long-range marketability of the major.

I strongly believe you should take college classes that interest you. And that you should choose a major you are passionate about. However, its also important to think about college majors that will help you with your future career. And if youre planning on going into a grad program, you need to choose a major that will interest that grad school.

Consider minoring in the less marketable subject.

If youre very passionate about Womens Literature, then this might be a good subject to minor in. However, if youre ultimate goal is to go to law school consider majoring in political science, which will give you a strong background in public policy and help you later in grad school.

Think beyond your first job out of college.

No matter what career field you choose, think big when choosing your college major. For example, lets say that you want to work in journalism after college. Well, theres a possibility youll be in a management role within 10 or 15 years. And thats why a well-rounded college education that included accounting, media law, and business administration would be important. So take courses outside your major because you never know what you might be doing 15 years from now. And if you want to be in a management or director role in the future, a background in business is always very helpful.

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Application Timetable for Graduate School

If youre thinking about going to graduate school, you should begin planning at least 15 months before the program starts.

Here is a typical application timetable:

June to August

  • Think about what type of graduate school you want to attend and what you want to achieve.
  • Compile a list of potential graduate schools youd like to attend.
  • Visit the grad school websites to see what the application process is like
  • Start thinking about who should write recommendations for you
  • Research financial aid sources for grad students
  • Find out what standardized tests youll need to take – and how much time youll need to prepare. For example: GMAT (Business School), LSAT (Law School), MCAT (Medical School), GRE (Humanities) . . .
  • Research test preparation courses for your program

September

  • Request applications if the schools website doesnt provide it online
  • Register for any standardized tests you need to take
  • Write a first draft of your application essay
  • Take a test preparation course
  • Start visiting graduate schools you are serious about attending
  • Request your undergraduate transcripts
  • Create a list of schools you plan on applying to (with their application deadlines)

October/November

  • Start talking with those people you want to recommend you, and ask them to submit their recommendation within a month
  • Take your standardized exam(s)

December

  • Write a second draft of your positioning paper
  • Submit your applications for financial aid
  • Make sure all recommendation letters have been sent in

January

  • Complete your final draft of your application essay and have it proofread by several different people
  • Submit your loan/scholarship applications
  • Send in your application essays, forms, et al. to the schools

February

  • Prepare yourself for any upcoming interviews at the grad schools you applied to
  • Make sure all the grad schools have received your complete application

Upon Acceptance

  • Notify the school you plan on attending
  • Plan on leaving your job
  • Have a party – and get ready for several years of hard work and drinking tons of coffee

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How to Avoid Getting Sick During Finals Week

It seems that whenever it’s finals week, I start to get a little sick.

I’m not sure if it’s because of the stress – or the late nights studying – but it happens every time.

Here are some helpful tips to avoid getting sick during finals:

  • Disinfect your desk, keyboard, mouse, pen, phone and anything you are in close contact with.
  • Wash your hands regularly
  • Don’t touch your eyes, nose, or mouth
  • Stay away from anyone who is sick
  • Take vitamins E, A, C and B complex
  • Don’t smoke
  • Get at least 8 hours of sleep a night.
  • Drink plenty of water.
  • Get a flu shot

How to Organize a Cramped Dorm Room

Lets face it: dorm rooms are usually pretty tiny.

And it can be a challenge to turn a small space into an ideal study spot and living area with a roommate.

So here are a variety of ways students are organizing their dorm rooms:

Storage Box Under the Bed
Organize your books, shoes, extra clothes, or whatever with a storage box under your bed.

Closet Organizers
Closet organizers are not just for your closet. You can use them anywhere in your dorm. There are shoe racks, stackable baskets, garment racks, etc.

Plastic Crates
Stack plastic crates in your closet to organize items you might not need on a daily basis.

KONICA MINOLTA DIGITAL CAMERA

Bedside Pockets/Organizers
Bedside pockets can help you store a lot of essentials close by. You can sew these yourself to save money.

Stack Your Shelves
Bring plenty of shelves if you plan on keeping a lot of books et al. in your dorm room.


Loft Bed
If youre allowed to bring your own bed – or can hack the one in your room, Id highly recommend you get a loft bed. Its the best way to have a study spot and bed in a tiny little area.


Bed Risers
If you cant use a loft bed in your dorm room, add these bed risers (or breeze blocks) under your bed frame. This will give you plenty of space to stuff boxes, books, and other essentials under your bed.

Please leave a comment to let me know of any other essentials you think are valuable for dorm rooms.

How LinkedIn Can Help You Choose the Best College for Your Career

Are you wondering what colleges to apply to?

Are you curious where alumni at those colleges end up working? Or what career paths are most common?

Well, the LinkedIn College navigation tool provides you real-time data on what college alumni are doing and where they work.

Here is a peek at where U.C.L.A. alumni work (if studied there between 2000 and today):

And if you select a specific company, you can get data on what types of jobs alumni have there. For example, here are the types of roles U.C.L.A. alumni have at Google:

You can also drill-down further by creating filters by location (if interested in knowing what alumni are doing in your area).

For example, U.C.L.A. alumni in San Francisco work at Google, Cisco, Stanford University, Kaiser Permanente, etc. And many alumni in the Bay Area work in engineering, entrepreneurship, research, sales, and education.

The LinkedIn data is not complete since it is only based on what alumni have revealed about themselves on LinkedIn, but this is still a great tool to see where many alumni work. You can dig even further by seeing the LinkedIn profiles of alumni that work in those occupations in specific areas.

The LinkedIn education section can also help you choose a college based on student/faculty ratio, graduation rate, student population, and % admitted and graduated.

Here are stats from LinkedIn about U.C.L.A.:

You can also get a snapshot of how many students are receiving financial aid as well as cost to attend each year:

Where you attend college does not dictate what youll do or where youll work. However, if youre interested in working in a specific professional field, this college navigation tool can help you choose a school that fits your career goals.

The LinkedIn education tool is still in its infancy so not all data is available on all colleges. And there is a lot more this tool can help you with in the future as you build your alumni network.

How will you use this college navigation tool? How would you like to see this improved?

Recommended Reading:

How to Get a Great Recommendation Letter

Most graduate schools want you to have at least two letters of recommendation.

The typical strategy is to submit a recommendation from a boss (who can discuss your leadership qualities and character), and a professor (who can discuss your intellectual abilities).

Here are some tips to help you narrow down your choices:

1. Choose someone who knows you very well.
Whoever you decide to ask, make sure you know them well. And don’t choose someone simply because they have a fancy title. You want a letter from someone who can easily write about your strengths and could share stories that clearly show you at your best. They should be able to discuss your:

  • Social skills
  • Motivations
  • Personal relationships
  • Civic responsibility
  • Dependability
  • Morality
  • Sense of humor

2. Choose a person who can talk about your leadership skills.
You want someone – like a boss or business colleague – to write about your leadership qualities. This person should discuss your growth and potential, and provide examples of your work ethic, motivation, and ability to lead a team. They should also be able to discuss your:

  • Work habits under stress
  • Self-confidence
  • Ability to listen and work with others
  • Motivation skills
  • Planning ability
  • Analyze and find solutions
  • Thoughtfulness
  • Well-liked
  • How you overcome difficult situations

3. Choose a person who can discuss your intellectual ability.
You should try and find a former professor to write about your intellectual side. This person should provide some insight into your analytical side, along with how you contribute to a classroom discussion. Here are some other areas they might want to mention about you:

  • Imagination and creativity
  • Communication skills
  • Research methodology
  • Qualitative and quantitative research skills
  • Healthy skepticism

4. Choose someone experienced in the field you’re interested in.
It’s important to choose someone who has a lot of experience and credibility in the educational field you are pursuing. This could be a former boss, senior business colleague, or professor. This can add a lot of weight to your graduate application. They could write about your:

  • Motivation for the field
  • Examples of work you’ve done in the field
  • Mention any awards or accomplishments

5. Choose a person who attended the school you want to attend.
It isn’t always possible to find someone who meets the requirements above – and also attended the grad school you are applying for. However, if you do know someone that meets all these requirements, he or she is an obvious choice for you. Just make sure they know you well, and can write stories about your leadership and/or intellectual qualities.

So if you are planning on attending grad school, start developing and nurturing relationships with people who fit the above qualifications. The better they know you, the more you’ll benefit from their recommendation letter.

And here’s one more tip . . .

Outline a potential letter for him or her.

Sometimes the people you want to recommend you might not know exactly what to write about, so it’s a good idea to provide them with a potential outline if they request one. This outline should include your strengths – and personal stories of your leadership and/or intellectual abilities. Here are areas to include in your outline:

  • A list of your past accomplishments
  • Personal stories that highlight your strengths
  • Your resume

And – as always – provide your recommender with a deadline date, a stamped and addressed envelope, and copies of any forms that need to be submitted with it.

Top 2011 College Commencement Speakers Videos

Its college graduation time, so Im compiling a list of my favorite 2011 college commencement videos.

Please leave a comment to let me know what great speeches Ive missed or email studenthack@gmail.com.

Harvard College Amy Poehler
Amy Poehler delivers a hilarious speech at Harvards College 2011 graduation.

Spelman College Michelle Obama
Our First Lady, Michelle Obama, gives an inspiring speech to the 2011 graduating class of female students at Spelman.

Miami Dade College President Obama
President Obama delivers this commencement address to the graduating students at Miami Dade College, Miami, FL. April 29, 2011.

Yale College Tom Hanks
Tom Hanks, Academy Award-winning actor, writer and director speaks to Yale Colleges Class of 2011 graduating students.

Harvey Mudd College Marissa Mayer (Googles Vice President)
Marissa Mayer, Googles first female engineer and vice president, gives her speech to graduates at Harvey Mudd College.

West Point College Michelle Obama
First Lady Michelle Obama makes her first visit to West Point as the banquet speaker for the U.S. Military Academy Class of 2011. Held in the historic Cadet Mess this is an address to over 3,000 graduating cadets, their families and guests. This marks the final social event the cadets will take part in as a class prior to commencement and commissioning. This is also the first time a First Lady has spoken for the Cadets at West Point.

And here are some upcoming graduation speeches Ill be adding next . . .

Dartmouth College Conan OBrien
Eric Tanner 11, Dartmouth Student Body President, announces the Commencement speaker for 2011. Watch the live broadcast of the ceremony on June 12, 2011, beginning at 9:30 am EDT on dartmouth.edu.

Students: What to Do on Your First Day Back in Class

I started teaching this week and been very busy preparing lecture notes, slides, and thinking of ways to help get main points across.

Knowing what its like to be on both sides of the classroom, here are some tips for students:

Engage with your teacher.
Your teacher has spent a lot of time preparing a syllabus, lecture notes, and thinking about how best to teach your class. Do your professor the courtesy of looking at him and being engaged during class (e.g. nodding your head when you agree, asking questions, talking with our teacher after class, etc.). If you stay engaged, your professor might be able to feed off that energy and be more animated and possibly even more interesting.

Ill never forget the first time I taught a marketing course to a group of 40 students. The class was right after lunch on a hot day and our university classroom didnt have the air conditioning on for some reason. Well, within 5 minutes of class, to of my students fell asleep. I tried to stay excited and animated for everyone else but it bummed me out to see two students already asleep. I had to ignore them and focus on the students who were more engaged to keep my excitement level up. So please, stay awake and be engaged to encourage your student.

Talk with your teacher after class.
Its rare for students to actually walk up and say hello to a professor after a first class. I remember being too nervous when I was in school to do something like that. However, now that Im starting to teach, I actually look forward to any interaction with a student. I enjoy when students talk with me during break or after class about assignments, the lecture, or even how the week is going.

Look, you might be nervous at first, but take the first step to say hello to your teacher. It will help you build a good relationship right from the start. Just being friendly and nice might make your teacher give you some extra help and guidance on assignments and tests.

Meet a few other students in class and exchange contact info.
Most students feel anxious about the first day of class especially if they dont know anyone. Realize that everyone feels this way and that everyone wants to meet a friend. Be that person and introduce yourself to those sitting around you. Share your email address and/or phone number so that you can help each other out with notes and to share important info if someone misses class. You might even consider creating a shareable document to work on class notes together in Evernote or Google Docs.

The great thing about getting to know other students in class is that you can study together and even work on projects together. Working with others can improve your motivation and time spent studying. Youll also be able to quiz each other and make sure youre all prepared for your quizzes, tests, and papers. Nothing better than having another student you trust to review and critique your papers before you turn them in.

Email your teacher.
If you feel too nervous about talking with your teacher before or after class, then send an email to him or her within the first week. Introduce yourself and tell your professor why youre taking the class. If youre not particularly good in that subject, let the professor know about some of your challenges. Opening a dialog early on will help your professor understand where you need help which can lead to productive office hour sessions.

When I was an undergrad, I was taking a English Literature course that was very difficult. I worked very hard on my papers and wasnt receiving high marks on essays. After meeting with my T.A. and sharing my struggles, she was able to guide me and make me a better writer. I ended up doing well in the class simply because I started meeting with her and getting her counsel. If I avoided those meetings, I would have had a poor grade in the class.

If youre a teacher or teachers assistant, what advice do you have for students?

How to Survive Rush Week

If youre planning on participating in Rush Week, here are some tips to help you stay sane:

Dont take Rush Week too seriously.
Please dont worry about what other people say about you. Your sense of self cant be determined by anybody but you.

Dont commit to anything your first year.
If youre a freshman, try to stay away from joining. Youll make plenty of friends in the dorms and youll need any extra time to focus on the books. If you feel like Greek life can benefit you, then consider joining next year. Besides, you can spend this year making friends with people at other houses to see which group you get along with best.

Dont pledge blind.
Dont join a fraternity or sorority until you really know something about the group. This means doing your homework. Ask friends and other people on campus about opinions of that particular house. Find out everything you can.

Dont pledge a certain fraternity or sorority because your mom or dad once belonged.
Greek houses undergo massive personality changes from one year to the next. Theres no way your dads old lodge you heard so much about can be the same one it is today.

Beware of rushing alumni.
Sometimes if a chapter is having a difficult time, they might invite alumni or active members at other campuses to help out during Rush. If youre being rushed by a house of thirty people, and there are only twelve people on the framed yearbook composite picture, get suspicious.

Here is a list of terms you should be aware of:

Active – a member of a sorority or fraternity who has been fully initiated into the group (as opposed to a pledge, who is not a full-fledged member).

Bid – an invitation to join a sorority or fraternity.

Chapter – the individual franchise of a national Greek-letter organization on a campus.

Depledge – to bow out of a sorority or fraternity before initiation

Fraternity – a group of men united in brotherhood, ideally for life

Hazing – a moronic practice of subjecting potential members of a group to various tests of endurance or humiliation. Thankfully, this is becoming obsolete on many campuses.

Invitational parties – these are longer and somewhat more elaborate than the open-house parties. The objective here is to provide smaller groups of rushees with a more intimate impression of the personalities of the individual house.

Legacies – close relatives of current and former sorority or fraternity members, whom that members chapter is basically obliged to accept.

Open-house parties – short receptions of about 30 minutes each, designed to bring every rushee into every sorority house on campus. From these brief encounters, the rushees are supposed to begin narrowing their choices a bit for the next round of parties, the invitationals.

Open Rush – a series of relaxed, informal parties after the main rush is over. The advantage here is that rushees have much more time, and much less pressure to make a decision.

Panhellenic Council – the group that regulates Rush (and all Greek) procedures.

Pledge – to join a sorority or fraternity. A pledge is new, but not yet permanent.

Preferential or Pref Parties – the final rounds of formal rush.

Rushee – someone going through Rush, whos considering joining a sorority or fraternity.

Rush Week – a limited, high-pressure period when people in Greek letter fraternities and sororities recruit, or rush, new students in hopes of nabbing a good crop of pledges to keep their organizations alive and kicking for another four years.

Sorority – a group of women united in sisterhood, ideally for life.

Suicide – an all-or-nothing decision where some desperate person says, If I cant get into Fraternity A, then Im not interested in anything else.

How to Write a Killer College Application Essay

I know a lot of students struggle when writing their college application essay.

Here is some advice from actual college admissions officers on what they look for in a quality college essay:

Be Original
The essays we dislike the most are those that seemingly could have been written by 2,000 or 3,000 other applicants. Were looking for distinctiveness. Think of us hoping that the application will at least figuratively come alive in front of us, so when were struggling to read applications at 10:30 p.m. on any given night, seven nights a week during the reading perio, were looking for personality. Were looking to grasp hold of an individual.

Tell An Interesting Story
A students writing style can sometimes tell us as much about the student as the actual story itself. I like reading something interesting that happened to students. The essays that I dread reading are, of course, the ones that start out about My trip to Europe or something like that. If they do have a story to tell and it is something about their trip to Europe, Id rather hear something about a specific incident that happened rather than a travelogue and summation that says, Now I have a greater understanding of culture.

Be Creative
I dont think everybody has to have some major event that they have to write about in their lives. I think the student has to use some creative juices to come up with an interesting way of talking about the family dog or a relationship with a sick aunt. Those are the kinds we like to read, those that arent the typical 300 words Pikes Peak out-the-rear-window-of -a -car-essay.

Be Concise and Clear
I like to see things that are written concisely and clearly. I dread the long, long, long essay that brings in every unimportant detail about what theyre trying to get across. I really like it when people can express themselves in a brief manner and also be effective at the same time.

Write Straight from the Heart
We want essays that come straight from the heart. Thats the point of the essay. Why do you want me? Why do you want me as a student on your campus? What are you going to contribute? I dont mean by being president of the senior class or being an All-American. There are lots of ways that students can contribute. They need to have a sense of themselves in order to present that in written form.

Show Your Personality
The essay should not be simply a regurgitation of information thats already in a students resume. I like to see students walk out on thin ice and use humor if its natural for them. They shouldnt put on some kind of corporate vocabulary simply to try to impress the committee. Were more interested in personal style and the substance of the writing than how they can impress us with their vocabulary and their sentence structure.

Dont Try to Be Funny if Youre Not
Many people bomb when they try to be humorous because peoples senses of humor dont always match. Someone may think something is funny, and it may be derogatory to someone else.

Please comment with some personal advice on writing college application essays